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DIVISION OF GEOLOGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

Giles County, Virginia

Chemical Lime Company of Virginia operates an underground mine and a quarry in the Five Oaks Limestone near Kimballton. In 2005 this company produced more than 650,523 short tons of high calcium limestone. Most of the stone was calcined into lime that was marketed for various industrial purposes. Some stone was sold for mine-safety dust and other uses.

Recently the Virginian Limestone Corporation and the State Contracting Stone Company operated quarries near Ripplemead to produce crushed stone, primarily for construction purposes. In the past, limestone and dolomite have been produced at other sites for crushed stone uses and for the manufacture of lime. Marl has been produced at sites in the vicinity of Narrows for agricultural purposes. Between 1941 and 1952 over 300,000 tons of marl were produced along Wolf Creek by seven producers. Iron ore has been mined near Ripplemead, Newport, and Interior. Manganese minerals have been mined and prospected at a number of localities in Giles County. Clay materials have been produced near Curve Station, northwest of Ripplemead. Sand and gravel have been produced at sites along the New River.

Testing indicated that shale at a locality near Kire is potentially suitable for use in the manufacture of light-weight aggregate, and shale near Glen Lyn may be suitable for lightweight aggregate and brick. Several varieties of colored marble that may have economic potential for ornamental purposes are found the county. Sandstone in the county may offer possibilities for construction material.

Giles County Geologic Map
Giles County Geologic Map unit descriptions
Giles County Mineral Production, 1986-present
Giles County Active Mines, 1990-present

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References

Clay

Johnson, S.S., and others, 1966, Analyses of clay, shale and related materials-southwestern counties: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Mineral Resources Report 6, p. 30- 38.

General

Bartholomew, M.J. and Mills, H.H., 1991, Old courses of the New River: its late Cenozoic migration and bedrock control inferred from high-level stream gravels, southwestern Virginia: Geological Society of America, Bulletin v.103, n.1, p.73, scale 1:282000.

Bollinger, G.A. and Wheeler, R.L., 1988, The Giles County, Virginia, seismic zone -- seismological results and geological interpretations: U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1352, scale 1:762000.

Sweet, P.C., 1993, Directory of the mineral industry in Virginia-1993: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 129, 29 p.

Sweet, P.C. and Nolde, J.E., 1999, Coal, oil and gas, and industrial and metallic minerals industries in Virginia, 1998: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 153, 25 p.

Lesure, F.G., Williams, B.B., Dunn, M.L., and Perry, W.J., 1978, Mineral resources of the Mill Creek, Mountain Lake, and Peters Mountain Wilderness Study Areas, Craig and Giles Counties, Virginia, and Monroe County, West Virginia, with a section on oil and gas potential: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report OF-78-1076, scale 1:48000.

Lesure, F.G., Williams, B.B., Dunn, M.L., and Perry, W.J., 1982, Mineral resources of the Mill Creek, Mountain Lake, and Peters Mountain Wilderness Study Areas, Craig and Giles Counties, Virginia, and Monroe County, West Virginia, with a section on oil and gas potential: U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin 1510, scale 1:250000.

Miller, E.V. and Hubbard, D.A., Jr., 1986, Selected slope categories and karst features map of Giles County, Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Publication 70, scale 1:50000.

Perry, W.J., 1977, The structural geology of Giles County, Virginia, a preliminary interpretation: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report OF-77-831, scale 1:740000.

Schultz, A.P., Stanley, C.B., Gathright, T.M., II, Rader, E.K., Bartholomew, M.J., Lewis, S.E., and Evans, N.H., 1986, Geologic map of Giles County, Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Publication 69, scale 1:50000.

Schultz, Art, Bartholomew, M.J., and Lewis, S.E., 1991, Map showing surficial and generalized bedrock geology and accompanying side-looking airborne radar image of the Radford 30' X 60' quadrangle, Virginia and West Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2170-A, scale 1:100000.

Iron

Lesure, F.G., 1957, Geology of the Clifton Forge Iron District, Virginia: Virginia Engineering Experiment Station Series Number 118, 130p.

Watson, T. L., 1907, Mineral Resources of Virginia: Lynchburg, Virginia, Jamestown Exposition Commission, 618 p.
(available as Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital reprint of T. L. Watson’s 1907 Mineral resources of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 175, [CD-ROM; 2003, September 1].

Limestone, dolomite, and marl

Cooper, B.N., 1944, Industrial limestones and dolomites in Virginia: New River-Roanoke River District: Virginia Geological Survey Bulletin 62, 98p.

Sweet, P.C., 1993, Directory of the mineral industry in Virginia-1993: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 129, 28p.

Sweet, P.C., and Hubbard, D.A., Jr., 1990, Economic legacy and distribution of Virginia’s Valley and Ridge Province travertine-marl deposits, in Herman, J.S., and Hubbard, D.A. , Jr., 1990, Travertine-marl: stream deposits in Virginia: Virginia Division of
Mineral Resources Publication 101, p. 129-138.

Manganese

Stose, G.W. and Miser, H.D.,1922, Manganese deposits of western Virginia: Virginia Geological Survey Bulletin 23, p. 119-142.

Marble
Mathews, A.A.L., 1934, Marble prospects in Giles County, Virginia: Virginia Geological Survey Bulletin 40, 52p.