Gloucester County, Virginia
There are thirteen active mine permits in Gloucester County, all of which are licensed to produce sand or sand and gravel. In 2005, 345,284 tons of sand and gravel were produced in Gloucester County. Based on the Virginia Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (DGMR) Publication 174, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, the sand and gravel were produced from the Shirley Formation and the Windsor Formation. The attached geologic map indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible. Information on these mining operations is available from the Virginia Division of Mineral Mining in Charlottesville, Virginia (434-951-6310).
There are 41 identified historical sand and gravel pits that are currently inactive in Gloucester County. Based on the VDMR Publication 174, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, these historical sand and gravel pits are located in the Lynnhaven and Poquoson Members (undifferentiated), the Sedgefield Member, Bacons Castle Formation and the Chesapeake Group in addition to the Shirley and the Windsor Formations. The geologic map below indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible.
Three samples of clay materials collected in Gloucester County were tested between 1957 and 1967, and one was found suitable as raw material for the manufacture of face brick (Johnson and Tyrrell, 1967).
Gloucester County Geologic Map
Gloucester County Geologic Map unit descriptions
Gloucester County Historical Mineral Resource Sites
Gloucester County Mineral Production, 1986-present
Gloucester County Active Mines, 1990-present
Access DGMR's Collections including our Interactive Geologic Map, VGIC (publications, rock samples, geologic maps, coal quality, and orphaned mines) as well as our Webstore where publications can be purchased or downloaded for free.
Johnson, Stanley S., and Tyrrell, Miles E., 1967, Analyses of clay and related materials-eastern counties: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Mineral Resources Report 8, p. 58-62.
Sweet, Palmer C., 1988, Clay material testing program, 1957-1986: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 76, 46 pages and 1 sheet.
Mixon, R. B., Berquist, C. R., Jr., Newell, W. L., Johnson, G. H., Powars, D. S., Schindler, J. S., and Rader, E. K., 1989, Geologic map and generalized cross sections of the Coastal Plain and adjacent parts of the Piedmont, Virginia: U. S. Geological Survey Map I-2033, 2 sheets.
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital representation of the 1993 geologic map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 174, compact disc.
Bird, S. O., 1985, Eden in Peril: The troubled waters of the Chesapeake Bay: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 56, 27 pages.