Virginia’s diverse geology provides a wealth of opportunities in the form of mineral and energy resources. The historic contributions of these resources to economic growth in Virginia is measured not only in the dollar value of the minerals produced each year, but also in the direct and indirect benefits of jobs created, support industries, new business opportunities, and revenues for local governments providing community services.
Energy resources include conventional fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil that are produced from mines and well fields located mainly in the Appalachian Plateaus province in southwestern Virginia. Other non-conventional energy resources that have a geologic origin, but currently remain undeveloped include geothermal and uranium-enriched rocks.
Non-fuel mineral resources include crushed stone, sand and gravel aggregate, clays and shale, and a diverse range of industrial minerals such as kyanite, vermiculite, dimension stone, titanium and zirconium sands, among others.