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Matthews County, Virginia

There are four active mine permits in Mathews County. One is licensed to produce sand, one is licensed to produce sand and clay, and two are licensed to produce sand and gravel. All of these products are used as construction aggregate. In 2006, a total of 34,415 tons of sand, clay, and gravel were produced in Mathews County with an estimated value of over $292,000. There were five workers employed at these operations in 2006 (4 production workers and 1 office worker) receiving wages of about $6,900. The documents below provide the locations and other information about these active operations. Based on the DGMR Publication 174, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, all of the active operations are producing aggregates from the Sedgefield Member of the Tabb Formation. This formation is described as pebbly and shelly sand that grades into sandy silt. The attached geologic map indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible. Information on these mining operations is available from the Virginia Division of Mineral Mining in Charlottesville, Virginia (434-951-6310).

There are 9 identified historical sand and gravel pits that are currently inactive in Mathews County. These historical pits are located in the Lynnhaven-Poquoson and Sedgefield members of the Tabb Formation, and the Shirley Formation. The geologic map below indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible. The locations of these historical operations are included below.

One sample of clay material was collected in Mathews County and tested between 1957 and 1967, and was found suitable as raw material for lightweight aggregate and the manufacture of garden pottery (Johnson and Tyrrell, 1967). A descriptive location is included in the relevant reference below.

Mathews County Geologic Map
Mathews County Geologic Map unit descriptions
Mathews County Historical Mineral Resource Sites
Mathews County Mineral Production, 1986-present
Mathews County Active Mines, 1990-present

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Johnson, Stanley S., and Tyrrell, Miles E., 1967, Analyses of clay and related materials-eastern counties: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Mineral Resources Report 8, p. 134-137.

General geology
Mixon, R. B., Berquist, C. R., Jr., Newell, W. L., Johnson, G. H., Powars, D. S., Schindler, J. S., and Rader, E. K., 1989, Geologic map and generalized cross sections of the Coastal Plain and adjacent parts of the Piedmont, Virginia: U. S. Geological Survey Map I-2033, 2 sheets.

Peebles, Pamela C., Johnson, Gerald H., and Berquist, C. R., 1984, The Middle and Late Pleistocene stratigraphy of the outer coastal plain, southeastern Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Virginia Minerals, Vol. 30, No. 2, p. 13-22.

Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital representation of the 1993 geologic map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 174, compact disc.

Water quality
Bird, S. O., 1985, Eden in Peril: The troubled waters of the Chesapeake Bay: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 56, 27 pages.