Southampton County, Virginia
There are nine active mine permits in Southampton County, all of which are licensed to produce sand or sand and gravel. In 2005, 317,289 tons of sand and gravel were produced in Southampton County. Based on the DGMR Publication 174, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, the sand and gravel were produced from alluvium, dune sand, the Sedgefield Member, and the Shirley Formation. The geologic map below indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible. Information on these mining operations is available from the Virginia Division of Mineral Mining in Charlottesville, Virginia (434-951-6310).
There are 32 identified historical sand and gravel pits that are inactive in Southampton County. Based on the DGMR Publication 174, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, these historical sand and gravel pits are located in the Charles City Formation and the Windsor Formation in addition to alluvium, dune sand, the Sedgefield Member, and the Shirley Formation. The geologic map below indicates where these formations are exposed and accessible.
Six samples of clay materials collected in Southampton County were tested between 1957 and 1978, and 3 were found suitable as raw materials for the manufacture of brick (Johnson and Tyrrell, 1967). The samples with potential for the manufacture of brick were taken south of Drewryville, northwest of Franklin, and east of Joyner. Descriptive locations are included in the relevant references below.
Southampton County Geologic Map
Southampton County Geologic Map unit descriptions
Southampton County Historical Mineral Resource Sites
Southampton County Mineral Production, 1986-present
Southampton County Active Mines, 1990-present
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Johnson, Stanley S., and Tyrrell, Miles E., 1967, Analyses of clay and related materials-eastern counties: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Mineral Resources Report 8, p. 174-181.
Sweet, Palmer C., 1988, Clay material testing program, 1957-1986: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 76, 46 pages and 1 sheet.
Mixon, R. B., Berquist, C. R., Jr., Newell, W. L., Johnson, G. H., Powars, D. S., Schindler, J. S., and Rader, E. K., 1989, Geologic map and generalized cross sections of the Coastal Plain and adjacent parts of the Piedmont, Virginia: U. S. Geological Survey Map I-2033, 2 sheets.
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital representation of the 1993 geologic map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 174, compact disc.
Bird, S. O., 1985, Eden in Peril: The troubled waters of the Chesapeake Bay: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 56, 27 pages.